At present, the country’s main road, the Highland Highway, is a single carriageway riddled with potholes, and its capital, Port Moresby, is not linked to any major towns. Transport in Papua New Guinea is heavily limited by the country's mountainous terrain, as result the majority of highland villages can be reached only by light aircraft or on foot.
Jacksons International Airport is the major international airport in Papua New Guinea, located 8 kilometers (5 mi) from Port Moresby. In addition to two international airfields, Papua New Guinea has 578 airstrips, most of which are unpaved.
The most significant of the projects aims to provide the country with its first modern road network by upgrading 1,600km of highways and the realization of two industrial parks, which will concentrate on export crops such as mushrooms, rice and livestock.